FCI-Standard N° 206 / 02.09.2009 / GB






ORIGIN : Japan.




UTILIZATION : Companion dog.


CLASSIFICATION F.C.I. :            Group     9         Companion and Toy


                                             Section 8     Japan Chin and


                                             Without working trial.


BRIEF HISTORICAL SUMMARY : According to ancient documents it is assumed that the ancestors of the Chin were presented as a gift from the rulers of Korea (during the Silla Dynasty age 377-935) to the Japanese court in 732.  For a successive 100 years, there appears to have been a large number of Chins coming into Japan.  Historical records also indicate that envoys sent to China (during the Tung Dynasty age 618-910) and North Korea (during the Po H’ai Dynasty age 698-926) brought back dogs of this breed directly.  During the reign of the Shogunate Tsunayoshi Tokugawa (1680-1709) the breed was raised as an indoor toy dog in the Castle of Edo.

In 1613 a Britisher, Captain Searles, brought a Chin to England and in 1853 Commodore Perry from the U.S. brought several to the U.S. of which two were presented to Queen Victoria of England.

Since 1868, the Chin has been favored as a lapdog by ladies of the upper classes, and currently is being widely spread as a companion dog.


GENERAL APPEARANCE : Small sized dog with broad face, covered with profuse coat, with elegant and graceful figure.


IMPORTANT PROPORTIONS : The ratio of height at withers to length of the body is equal.  The body of bitches slightly longer.



BEHAVIOUR / TEMPERAMENT : Clever, mild and lovely.





Skull : Broad and rounded.

Stop : Deep and indented.



Nose : Nasal bridge very short and wide, the nose on a straight line with the eyes; the nose colour black or deep flesh colour, according to dog’s markings. Well opened nostrils.

Jaws/Teeth : Teeth white and strong; level bite desirable, but scissor bite or undershot mouth permitted.

Eyes : Large, round, set wide apart and lustrous black in colour.

Ears : Long, triangular, hanging, covered with long hair; set wide apart.


NECK : Rather short, and held high.



Back : Short and straight.

Loin : Broad and slightly round.

Chest : Moderately broad and deep, with ribs moderately sprung.

Belly : Well drawn up.


TAIL : Covered with beautiful, profuse and long hair, being carried up over back.




FOREQUARTERS : Forearms straight, fine boned; backside of forearms below the elbows feathered.


HINDQUARTERS : Hindlegs moderately angulated, rear of the rump covered with feather.


FEET : Small and hare-shaped, covered with tufts desirable.


GAIT / MOVEMENT : Elegant, light and proud.




HAIR : Silky, straight and long.  Whole body except face covered with profuse hair.  The ears, neck, thighs and tail have profuse feather.


COLOUR : White with markings of black or red.  Markings symmetrically distributed from around eyes over ears as on whole body desirable.  Especially white and wide blaze from muzzle to crown desirable.


SIZE  : Height at withers :        Dogs approximately 25 cm.

                                               Bitches slightly smaller than dogs.


FAULTS : Any departure from the foregoing points should be considered a fault and the seriousness with which the fault should be regarded should be in exact proportion to its degree and its effect upon the health and welfare of the dog.

 Nose : Any colour other than black for white dogs with black markings.

 Overshot mouth, wry underjaw.

 Solid white coat with no markings; single marking on face.

.  Shyness.      


Any dog clearly showing physical or behavioural abnormalities shall be disqualified.


N.B. : Male animals should have two apparently normal testicles fully descended into the scrotum.


 FCI-Стандарт N 206 / 02.09.2009 / GB

Японский хин





СТАНДАРТА: 26.03.2009.

ПРИМЕНЕНИЕ: собака-компаньон.


 Группа 9  Компаньоны и тои.

 Секция 8.   Японский хин и пекинес.

 Без рабочих испытаний.

 КРАТКАЯ ИСТОРИЧЕСКАЯ СПРАВКА: В соответствие с древними документами считается, что предки хинов были переданы в дар от правителей Кореи (во времена династии Сила, 377-395 гг.) японскому императорскому двору в 372 году. В последующие 100 лет в Японию было завезено большое количество хинов. В летописях прямо говорится, что эмиссары, посланные в Китай (во времена династии Тунг, 618-910 гг.) и Северную Корею (во времена династии По Хьяи, 698-926 гг.), вернулись с собаками этой породы. В период правления Шогуната Цунайоши Токугава (1680-1709 гг.) в Замке Эдо породу уже разводили в качестве комнатных декоративных собачек. В 1613 году британец - капитан Сирлис привез хинов в Англию, а в 1853 году американский командор Перри доставил нескольких таких собак в США, две из которых были подарены английской королеве Виктории.
С 1868 года хины были признаны комнатными собачками для дам высшего света, а затем получили широкое распространение, как собаки-компаньоны.

ОБЩЕЕ ВПЕЧАТЛЕНИЕ: Собачка маленького размера с широкой мордой, покрытая обильной шерстью, элегантная и грациозная.
ВАЖНЫЕ ПРОПОРЦИИ: Соотношение высоты в холке к длине корпуса равно. Корпус сук чуть длиннее.
ПОВЕДЕНИЕ/ТЕМПЕРАМЕНТ: Умные, уравновешенные, прелестные.



Череп: Широкий и округлый.
Стоп: Глубокий и вдавленный.


Нос: Переносица очень короткая и широкая. Мочка носа находится на одной прямой линии с глазами, цвет носа черный или насыщенно телесный, в соответствии с пятнами окраса. Ноздри хорошо открыты.
Челюсти / зубы: Зубы белые и крепкие; прямой прикус желателен, но ножницеобразный прикус или перекус разрешаются.
Глаза: Большие, круглые, широко расставлены, блестящие, черного цвета.
Уши: Длинные, треугольные, висячие, покрыты длинной шерстью; широко посаженные.

ШЕЯ: Довольно короткая, высокого постава.


Спина: Короткая и прямая.
Поясница: Широкая, слегка округлая.
Грудь: Умеренно широкая, глубокая с умеренно сводистыми ребрами.
Живот: Хорошо подтянут.

ХВОСТ: Покрыт красивой, обильной, длинной шерстью; закинут на спину.


ПЕРЕДНИЕ КОНЕЧНОСТИ: Предплечье прямое, тонкокостное, задняя сторона ниже локтя хорошо одета украшающим волосом.

ЗАДНИЕ КОНЕЧНОСТИ: Задние ноги с умеренными углами. Задняя сторона бедер одета длинной украшающей шерстью.

ЛАПЫ: Маленькие, заячьей формы, желательно с кисточками.

ДВИЖЕНИЯ: Элегантные, легкие и горделивые.

ШЕРСТЬ: Шелковистая, прямая и длинная. Всё тело, кроме лицевой части, покрыто обильной шерстью. Уши, шея, бедра и хвост имеют богатый украшающий волос.

ЦВЕТ: Белый с черными или рыжими пятнами. Пятна симметрично распределены начиная от области вокруг глаз, покрывают уши, а также корпус, где их сбалансированность тоже приветствуется. Особенно желательна широкая белая проточина от переносицы до верхней части головы.

РАЗМЕР: Высота в холке: у кобелей примерно 25 см. Суки несколько ниже, чем кобели.

НЕДОСТАТКИ: Любое отклонение от вышеуказанных пунктов должно рассматриваться как недостаток, серьезность которого расценивается точно пропорционально степени его влияния на здоровье и благополучие собаки.
• Любой цвет носа, кроме черного, для белых собак с черными пятнами.
• Недокус, искривленная нижняя челюсть.
• Сплошной белый окрас без пятен, одно пятно на лице.
• Застенчивость.
Любая собака, явно проявляющая физические или поведенческие отклонения, должна быть дисквалифицирована.

Примечание: Кобели должны иметь два нормальных семенника, полностью опущенных в мошонку.

        Стандарт АКС ( Американский Кеннел Клуб )

General Appearance

The Japanese Chin is a small, well balanced, lively, aristocratic toy dog with a distinctive Oriental expression. It is light and stylish in action. The plumed tail is carried over the back, curving to either side. The coat is profuse, silky, soft and straight. The dog's outline presents a square appearance.


 Size, Proportion, Substance

Size Ideal size is 8 inches to 11 inches at the highest point of the withers.

Proportion Length between the sternum and the buttock is equal to the height at the withers.

Substance Solidly built, compact, yet refined. Carrying good weight in proportion to height and body build.


Expression bright, inquisitive, alert, and intelligent. The distinctive Oriental expression is characterized by the large broad head, large wide-set eyes, short broad muzzle, ear feathering, and the evenly patterned facial markings.

Eyes set wide apart, large, round, dark in color, and lustrous. A small amount of white showing in the inner corners of the eyes is a breed characteristic that gives the dog a look of astonishment.

Ears hanging, small, V-shaped, wide apart, set slightly below the crown of the skull. When alert, the ears are carried forward and downward. The ears are well feathered and fit into the rounded contour of the head.

Skull large, broad, slightly rounded between the ears but not domed. Forehead is prominent, rounding toward the nose. Wide across the level of the eyes. In profile, the forehead and muzzle touch on the same vertical plane of a right angle whose horizontal plane is the top of the skull.

Stop deep

Muzzle short and broad with well-cushioned cheeks and rounded upper lips that cover the teeth.

Nose very short with wide, open nostrils. Set on a level with the middle of the eyes and upturned. Nose leather is black in the black and white and the black and white with tan points, and is self-colored or black in the red and white.

Bite The jaw is wide and slightly undershot. A dog with one or two missing or slightly misaligned teeth should not be severely penalized. The Japanese Chin is very sensitive to oral examination. If the dog displays any hesitancy, judges are asked to defer to the handler for presentation of the bite.

Neck, Topline, Body

Neck moderate in length and thickness. Well set on the shoulders enabling the dog to carry its head up proudly.

Topline level

Body square, moderately wide in the chest with rounded ribs. Depth of rib extends to the elbow.

Tail set on high, carried arched up over the back and flowing to either side of the body.


Legs straight, and fine boned, with the elbows set close to the body. Removal of dewclaws is optional.

Feet hare-shaped with feathering on the ends of the toes in the mature dog. Point straight ahead or very slightly outward.


Legs straight as viewed from the rear and fine boned. Moderate bend of stifle. Removal of dewclaws is optional.

Feet hare-shaped with feathering on the ends of the toes in the mature dog. Point straight ahead.


Abundant, straight, single, and silky. Has a resilient texture and a tendency to stand out from the body, especially on neck, shoulders, and chest areas where the hair forms a thick mane or ruff. The tail is profusely coated and forms a plume. The rump area is heavily coated and forms culottes or pants. The head and muzzle are covered with short hair except for the heavily feathered ears. The forelegs have short hair blending into profuse feathering on the backs of the legs. The rear legs have the previously described culottes, and in mature dogs, light feathering from hock joint to the foot.


Either black and white, red and white, or black and white with tan points. The term tan points shall include tan or red spots over each eye, inside the ears, on both cheeks, and at the anal vent area if displaying any black. The term red shall include all shades of red, orange, and lemon, and sable, which includes any aforementioned shade intermingled or overlaid with black. Among the allowed colors there shall be no preference when judging. A clearly defined white muzzle and blaze are preferable to a solidly marked head. Symmetry of facial markings is preferable. The size, shape, placement or number of body patches is not of great importance. The white is clear of excessive ticking. Disqualification - any color not listed.


Stylish and lively in movement. Moves straight with front and rear legs following in the same plane.


A sensitive and intelligent dog whose only purpose is to serve man as a companion. Responsive and affectionate with those it knows and loves but reserved with strangers or in new situations.


Any color not listed.

Стандарт KGGB (Кеннел клуб Великобритании ) 2009 г.

General Appearance

Elegant and aristocratic, smart, compact with profuse coat.


Intelligent, happy, lively little dog who has look of astonishment, peculiar to this breed.


Gay, happy, gentle and good natured.

Head and Skull

Fairly large in proportion to size of dog, moderately broad skull, rounded in front, and between ears, but never domed. Nose large with open nostrils, black, except in red and whites where the colour can be appropriate to markings. Muzzle short, wide, well cushioned, i.e. upper lips rounded on each side of nostrils, jaws level.


Moderately large, dark, set far apart. Size should be in proportion to size of skull. Small amount of white shows in the inner corners, giving characteristic look of astonishment. Eyes should be forward facing, not set on side of head.


Small, set wide apart, high on head, carried slightly forward, V-shaped, well feathered.


Bite preferably level or slightly undershot; wry mouth or tongue showing highly undesirable.


Moderate length, carried proudly.


Legs straight with strong fine bone, giving slender appearance, well feathered down to the feet.


Square and compactly built, wide in chest, ‘cobby’. Length of body equal to height at withers.


Straight, viewed from behind, good turn of stifle, profusely feathered from the back of thighs.


Slender, hare-footed, feathered at tips, pointing neither in nor out.


Set high on level back, profusely feathered, closely curved or plumed over back.


Stylish, straight in movement, with good reach and elevation when in motion, no plaiting, and showing no weakness in hind movement.


Profuse, long, soft, straight, of silky texture. Absolutely free from curl or wave, not too flat, having a tendency to stand out especially at frill of neck.


Black and white or red and white. Never tricolour. Red includes all shades of sable, lemon or orange. The brighter and clearer the red the better. Colour evenly distributed on cheeks and ears and as patches on body. White should be clear, not flecked.


Daintier the better, providing type, quality and soundness are not sacrificed. Ideal weight 1.8-3.2 kgs (4-7 lbs).


Any departure from the foregoing points should be considered a fault and the seriousness with which the fault should be regarded should be in exact proportion to its degree and its effect upon the health and welfare of the dog and on the dog’s ability to perform its traditional work.


Male animals should have two apparently normal testicles fully descended into the scrotum


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